Warhorse Simulations

Automated Card Tracking System: Home

Paths of Glory: World Championship Secret Invitational Round 1 Journal

Number of entries per page:
  Sort order:
Most recent entries first
Oldest entries first

Filter on: (filter will search Player, Title, and Entry)

View elapsed game time

Next 100 entries

Entry # Time Turn Player Title Entry
754 7/21/2017 1:27:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 1

6


Message from Central Powers:
CT
753 7/21/2017 1:27:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Operations #24: 3 / Libyan Revolt (TU Reinforcements)
May only be played if there are no Allied units in the Libya space. Place the SN unit in Libya. SN unit is always in supply. Space converted by the SN units are checked normally during the Attrition phase.

Message from Central Powers:
M Budapest AH1 to Przemysl, AH6 to Sarajevo
M CT digs
M Lemberg AH3 to Sarny
752 7/19/2017 10:56:00 AM Spring 1918 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 1

4


Message from Allies:
Zhitomir dig.
751 7/19/2017 10:56:00 AM Spring 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #38: 2 / USA Reinforcements (1 corps)
May only be played after "Over There". 1 corps.

Message from Allies:
T17AP3
Rome: IT1A, 2(A), 4A to Taranto
Zhitomir: RU2A to Rovno, RU11(A) digs, RU6(A) to K-P
750 7/16/2017 3:33:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Event #54: 5 / H-L Take Command
Allows play of "Michel", "Blucher", "Peace Offensive", "Hoffman", and "U-Boats Unleashed". Prevents play of "Place of Execution". Current and future German MOs become “None”.

War Status increased to 15

Message from Central Powers:
oops, forgot that it was my turn

event
749 7/6/2017 3:27:00 PM Spring 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Replacement Points #53: 5 / Army of the Orient (FR Reinforcements)
Place the French Orient Army in the Salonika space if Allied controlled, subject to stacking limits. See 9.5.3.4.

Replacement points: A: 1, BR: 3, FR: 3, IT: 2, RU: 4

Message from Allies:
I will follow suit.

T17AP2
748 7/4/2017 11:48:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Replacement Points #49: 4 / Michel
May only be played after "H-L Take Command". Cancels all trench effects for 1 GE attack and adds a +1 drm for that attack. Play prior to Attempt Flank Attack Step. A trench does not need to be present.

Replacement points: AH: 2, BU: 1, GE: 3, TU: 1

Message from Central Powers:
RPs
747 6/29/2017 9:14:00 PM Spring 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #44: 3 / Greece
Greece joins the Allies. Play of Greece does not prevent play of MEF or Salonika.

Message from Allies:
Educational move, Michael, nice.

T17AP1
Paris: FR5A to Melun
Mulhouse: FR6A to BLD FRc to Belfort, FRc to BLD
Petrograd: RU9(A) to Riga, RU7A, RU10A to Dvinsk
746 6/27/2017 3:38:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Message Flip GE7 Sedan

Advance GE2 to CT

Obvious supply issues...and a Mutiny on your hands. ;-)
745 6/27/2017 3:22:00 PM Spring 1918 Allies Message 2xFRc eliminated. Advance?
744 6/27/2017 3:22:00 PM Spring 1918 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

5
3


Message from Allies:
C Sedan GE2 and GE3 vs CT, 6A vs 3c
743 6/27/2017 3:21:00 PM Spring 1918 Allies Message 5/4 CP win. You have choices on loss.

Lose PT, flip BR3A. flip BR4A to hold.
742 6/27/2017 3:20:00 PM Spring 1918 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

2
1


Message from Allies:
C Brussels and GE7 Sedan vs Cambrai, 15A vs 12A
741 6/26/2017 7:59:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Operations #8: 3 / Race to the Sea
CP units may now end movement in Ostend, Calais, and Amiens. Card may also be played as an event after CP WS is at 4.

Message from Central Powers:
C Brussels and GE7 Sedan vs Cambrai, 15A vs 12A
C Sedan GE2 and GE3 vs CT, 6A vs 3c
C Memel autokill Szawli [RUc] and advances
740 6/26/2017 12:40:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Draw Strategy cards NOTE: The deck was reshuffled on this deal.
739 6/26/2017 11:10:00 AM Spring 1918 Allies Message Nope, not a problem at all.
738 6/25/2017 4:48:00 PM Spring 1918 Central Powers Message I missed implementing the CT combat on my map (FR5 elim, GE7 flipped), probably due to the focus on the Kars combat losses. Found it when executing your RPs and had FR5 being rebuilt.

Mind if I unflip GE7 (and instead build [GE10] in Essen), as obviously wouldn't have left a flipped army on the front line?
737 6/25/2017 8:55:00 AM Spring 1918 Allies Draw Strategy cards NOTE: The deck was reshuffled on this deal.
736 6/25/2017 8:55:00 AM Spring 1918 Allies Message None and FR Mutiny.
735 6/25/2017 8:54:00 AM Spring 1918 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

6
1


Message from Allies:
T17 MOs (CP/AP)
734 6/25/2017 8:54:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies End Turn
733 6/25/2017 8:54:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Discard Strategy card #39: 2 / They Shall Not Pass

Message from Allies:
732 6/25/2017 8:54:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Message T16 AP RPs

BR(3+3):
BRc to RB
Flip BR(c) RB(5,0)
Flip BR1(A), BR5(A) in Ostend

FR(3+3):
FR5A to Paris
Flip FR1(A), FR2(A) in Nancy
2xFR(c) to RB(0,4)
Flip FR10(A) in Paris

IT(2+2):
Build IT1A, IT2(A) to Rome
Flip IT(c) in Venice, Florence

RU(4+4):
2xRUc to RB(2,3)
Build RU1A in Caucasus
Flip RU7(A) Petrograd
Build RU10A in Petrograd
Flip RU6(A) in Zhitomir

A(1+1):
BE1(A) to Antwerp
BE(c) to RB(0,1)
CND(c) to RB
731 6/20/2017 8:30:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message Was at least able to use more RPs than just German that turn....

RPs:
4 AH: flip AH10 and AHc Udine; build AH6 Budapest, full
2 BU: flip 2xBUc Erzerum, full
7 GE: flip GE4 Brussels, GE9 Metz; build GE10 Essen, [GE12] and [GE17] Breslau, GEc RB (2,2)
2 TU: flip TUc Batum, full
730 6/20/2017 8:20:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message 2/4
:)

[CND] elim, I assume you flip BR5
729 6/20/2017 8:20:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

1
1


Message from Central Powers:
Brussels
BR 5A
GE 15A
728 6/20/2017 7:47:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #33: 2 / Grand Fleet
If played in the Allied Action Round immediately following the "High Seas Fleet," cancel that card. Cannot be played as an event at any other time.

Message from Allies:
T16AP6
Kars: CAU to Tbilis
Ostend: Attack Brussels, 5A vs 15A
727 6/20/2017 7:44:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Message I'm assuming you meant Batum, not Rize.
726 6/19/2017 8:54:00 AM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message ouch! damn weather...
;-)
YLD, TUc Rize and 2xBUc Erzerum flip
725 6/19/2017 8:09:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Message 5/4 AP win. Lose 2xRUc. You have choices.
724 6/19/2017 8:08:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

5
4


Message from Allies:
C Batum and Erzerum vs Kars, 5A vs 5A+2
723 6/19/2017 8:07:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Combat #7: 2 / Severe Weather
Defending units in a mountain space in Fall/Winter or a swamp space in Spring/Fall get a +2 drm.

Message from Allies:
Let's make it snow in Kars.
722 6/19/2017 8:07:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Message OOOooof. 7/3. FR5A and replacement FRc eliminated to hold. RB(0,2). GE7A flips.
721 6/19/2017 8:06:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

6
1


Message from Allies:
C Sedan vs CT, 12A vs 6A (MO)
720 6/18/2017 12:21:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Event #28: 4 / Tsar Takes Command
May only be played if the Russian Capitulation marker is in the "Tsar Takes Command Allowed" box.

War Status increased to 13

Message from Central Powers:
C Sedan vs CT, 12A vs 6A (MO)
C Batum and Erzerum vs Kars, 5A vs 5A
719 6/18/2017 12:12:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Replacement Points #54: 5 / Zimmermann Telegram
May only be played if U.S. entry marker is in the "Zimmerman Telegram Allowed" box. Subtract 1 VP. US joins the Allies. Allows play of "Over There" on any following turn.

Replacement points: A: 1, BR: 3, FR: 3, IT: 2, RU: 4

Message from Allies:
T16AP5

I will take some as well.
718 6/18/2017 12:04:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Replacement Points #55: 4 / Lloyd George
May not be played after MICHEL, BLUCHER, or PEACE OFFENSIVE. No BR attacks vs. Level 2 entrenched GE units may be made for the rest of this turn. The effect of this card is canceled by play of MICHEL, BLUCHER, or PEACE OFFENSIVE events. This event may mean that a BR MO cannot be fulfilled in a specific turn.

Replacement points: AH: 2, BU: 1, GE: 3, TU: 1

Message from Central Powers:
More RPs
717 6/18/2017 7:26:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Message IT2A replaced by ITc RB(0,0).
716 6/15/2017 9:55:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message 3/4 AH holds
AH10 and AHc flip
you have choice
715 6/15/2017 9:54:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

4
6


Message from Central Powers:
Udine
IT 4A
AH 4A
714 6/15/2017 9:46:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Message Yes, but drop the IT(c) from participating.
713 6/15/2017 9:40:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message The ITc in Venice was reduced from last combat, so would be 4A vs 4A. Continue?
712 6/15/2017 8:52:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #40: 2 / 14 Points
May only be played after "Zimmermann Telegram". Only the Allied player may offer Peace Terms for the rest of the game. Subtract 1 VP.

Message from Allies:
T16AP4
Venice: Attack Udine, 5A vs 4A
Vilna: RU12A to Riga
711 6/13/2017 6:57:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message success
using VF, results in 9A + 1, autokill [RU1], replacing [RUc] (0,3) and fort
GE11 advances
710 6/13/2017 6:55:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 1

4


Message from Central Powers:
flank attempt Kovno
709 6/13/2017 6:55:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Operations #30: 2 / Alpenkorps
A GE attack to or from a mountain space adds +1 drm.

Message from Central Powers:
C Insterberg GE8 autokill Memel [RUc] and advances
C Insterberg GE11 and GE14 flank Kovno
708 6/12/2017 11:54:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Message Remaining 6LF vs Brussels:

Lose BEc, BR(c) in Antwerp, flip BR1A in Ostend.
707 6/12/2017 11:40:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Replacement Points #53: 5 / Army of the Orient (FR Reinforcements)
Place the French Orient Army in the Salonika space if Allied controlled, subject to stacking limits. See 9.5.3.4.

Replacement points: A: 1, BR: 3, FR: 3, IT: 2, RU: 4

Message from Allies:
T16AP3
706 6/12/2017 10:31:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Replacement Points #45: 4 / Treaty of Brest Litovsk
May only be played after "Bolshevik Revolution". RU units may no longer attack. CP units may not attack RU units except TU units may attack on the Near East map. Both sides may still move into unoccupied spaces and may still suffer attrition, besiege forts, and resolve sieges. Also see 5.5.2.

Replacement points: AH: 2, BU: 1, GE: 3, TU: 1

Message from Central Powers:
RPs
705 6/12/2017 10:30:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message 4/5 AH victory
IT1 reduced to [ITc] (1)
AH6 becomes AHc (4)
704 6/12/2017 10:28:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

3
5


Message from Central Powers:
Udine
IT 6A
AH 6A
703 6/12/2017 10:28:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message 4/7
GE4 flips
CND flips
you have choice for other 6LF
702 6/12/2017 10:27:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

1
4


Message from Central Powers:
Brussels
BR 12A
GE 16A
701 6/12/2017 5:03:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #46: 4 / Brusilov Offensive
Allied player conducts Operations using this card and adds a +1 drm to ALL RU attacks this Action Round. Also, for 1 RU attack vs. Only non-GE CP units cancel all trench effects. Play prior to Attempt Flank Attack Step.

Message from Allies:
T16AP2
To Caucus: RU6(A), RU11(A) to Zhitormir
Ostend/Antwerp: Attack Brussels, 12A vs 16A
Venice vs Udine: 6A vs 6A
700 6/12/2017 4:35:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message That was SR, not ops, obviously.
699 6/12/2017 4:34:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Operations #40: 3 / Air Superiority
A GE attack adds +1 drm.

Message from Central Powers:
Need to find a way to spread the wealth...er, losses

SR RB BUc to Strasbourg (1)
SR Strasbourg GEc to RB
SR Constantinople TUc to Metz
SR Konigsberg [GEc] to RB (1,2)
698 6/12/2017 4:25:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Message Flip GE9A
Flip FR1A, FR2A in Nancy, lose FR(c) in Nancy.
697 6/12/2017 4:20:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message 5/7
Flip GE army
You have choice
696 6/12/2017 4:20:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

5
6


Message from Central Powers:
Metz
FR 6A
GE 15A
695 6/12/2017 3:53:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #47: 4 / USA Reinforcements (2nd Army)
May only be played after "Over There". 2nd Army, 1 corps.

Message from Allies:
T16AP1
Kovno: Autokill GEc Vilna, RU12A advances. RU1(A) stays in Kovno. ** MO satisfied **

London: BR1A to Ostend
Verdun/Nancy: Armies and FR(c) in Nancy attack Metz, 6A vs 15A
694 6/12/2017 3:46:00 PM Winter 1918 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 1

4


Message from Allies:
RU(c) defensive fire at Vilna, 0c.
693 6/7/2017 10:30:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Combat #3: 2 / Von Francois
A GE attack vs. RU units adds a +1 drm. May be used against spaces with RU and other nationalities.

Message from Central Powers:
for Vilna
692 6/7/2017 10:30:00 PM Winter 1918 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Operations #50: 4 / Blucher
May only be played after "H-L Take Command". Cancels all trench effects for 1 GE attack. Play prior to Attempt Flank Attack Step. A trench does not need to be present.

Message from Central Powers:
M Essen GE4 to Brussels, GE7 to Sedan, GE9 to Metz
C Grodno GE14 autokill fort
C Grodno GEc autokill Vilna, 2c +1 vs 0c, will advance if possible
C Konigsberg and Tannenberg armies only autokill Insterberg [RUc] and advance
691 6/7/2017 10:08:00 AM Winter 1918 Allies Draw Strategy cards
690 6/7/2017 9:33:00 AM Winter 1918 Central Powers Message GE and RU
689 6/7/2017 9:33:00 AM Winter 1918 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

4
6


Message from Central Powers:
Orders
CP
AP
688 6/7/2017 9:29:00 AM Winter 1918 Central Powers Draw Strategy cards
687 6/7/2017 9:29:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers End Turn
686 6/7/2017 9:29:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message Grrrrrr.....
685 6/7/2017 9:29:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 1

1


Message from Central Powers:
Siege of Grodno
684 6/7/2017 8:30:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message Holding last card.
683 6/7/2017 8:29:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message T15 AP RPs

RU(4):
2xRU(c) to RB(0,4)
RU7(A) to Petrograd
RU6(A), RU11(A) to Caucasus

BR(3):
BR1A to London
Flip BR5(A) Ostend

FR(3):
FR7(A), FR10(A) to Paris
Flip FR3(A) to Verdun

IT(2):
IT4A to Rome

A(1):
Flip BE(c) in Antwerp
SB(c) to RB(1,1)
682 6/7/2017 8:22:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message Good dice, indeed.

Metz attack: Flip FR3A.
681 6/5/2017 5:12:00 PM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message RPs:
5 AH: flip AH7 Trent, build AHc RB (5), full
2 BU: build 2xBUc RB (2)
8 GE: flip GE5 Brussels, GE18 Metz; build GE4, GE7 and GE9 Essen
3 TU: full
680 6/5/2017 5:00:00 PM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message that hurts! 1/18 chance of losing and you got it
5/4 FR win
[GE4] and replacing [FRc] elim (0,1)
GE18 flips to hold
you have choice
679 6/5/2017 4:59:00 PM Fall 1917 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

6
1


Message from Central Powers:
Metz
FR 6A
GE 12A
678 6/5/2017 3:28:00 PM Fall 1917 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #31: 4 / MEF (BR Reinforcements)
May only be played if Turkey is at war and before "Salonika". May be played as normal reinforcement after Salonika. Place the MEF Army and the Beachhead marker at any MEF space. See 9.5.3.5.

Message from Allies:
T15AP6
Verdun/Nancy: Armies attack Metz, 6A vs 12A
Asiago: IT2A, IT5A to Venice, IT(c) to Florence
Insterberg: RU1(A), RU12A to Kovno
677 6/5/2017 1:34:00 PM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message Full army and corps advance to Grodno, trench removed, siege. I don't think there was any OOS risks, but check.

All advance to Batum
676 6/5/2017 9:25:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message RUc eliminated, advance into Batum?
675 6/5/2017 9:24:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

4
3


Message from Allies:
C Rize vs Batum, 3A vs 1c
674 6/5/2017 9:24:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message 4/3: And that did it.
Assuming you lose GE9(A). GEc comes in, GEc RB(0,2). RU7(A) and replacement RUc eliminated. (0,2).
RU(c) retreats to Baranovich.

Advance?
673 6/5/2017 9:21:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

4
3


Message from Allies:
Gotcha.

C Bialystok vs Grodno, 6A vs 4A
672 6/5/2017 9:08:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message Everything. Should be full army, flipped army and flipped corps; versus trench is 6A. Better chance of forcing the space....
671 6/5/2017 8:57:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message Only armies attacking at Grodno?
670 6/5/2017 8:00:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Operations #52: 5 / Fall of the Tsar
May only be played if Russian Capitulation marker is in the "Fall of Tsar Allowed" box. Add 1 VP plus an additional 2 VP if RO is still neutral. RU Activation costs 1 OPS per unit, not space, for Combat only (even if all units in the space do not participate in attack(s).) RU corps may no longer move (can still SR) between the To Caucasus Box and the Near East.

Message from Central Powers:
M Villach AH10 to Udine
M Trieste AH6 to Udine, AHc to Villach
M Lublin [GEc] to Sarny via Rovno
C Bialystok vs Grodno, 6A vs 4A
C Rize vs Batum, 3A vs 1c

Pinsk OOS
669 6/5/2017 7:38:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message That worked out ok. Flip BR5A in Ostend.
668 6/5/2017 7:27:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message you were due...
7/4
GE7 and replacing GEc elim (1,2)
[BEFc] elim, 3LF to go...
667 6/5/2017 7:26:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

6
1


Message from Central Powers:
Brussels
BR 12A
GE 15A
666 6/5/2017 7:25:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message :(
T1 Dubno
665 6/5/2017 7:24:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 1

1


Message from Central Powers:
Dubno digs
664 6/4/2017 10:00:00 PM Fall 1917 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #44: 3 / Greece
Greece joins the Allies. Play of Greece does not prevent play of MEF or Salonika.

Message from Allies:
T15AP5
Ostend, Calais: Attack Brussels, 12A vs 15A
Dubno: RUc to Pinsk. RU3A digs.
** Supply threat to Bialystok. **
663 6/4/2017 9:52:00 PM Fall 1917 Allies Message 3/5. Flip RU7A, RUc, GE9A.
662 6/4/2017 9:52:00 PM Fall 1917 Allies Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

2
5


Message from Allies:
Bialystok vs Grodno, armies only, 6A vs 6A.
661 6/1/2017 7:29:00 PM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message Bialystok is armies only
660 6/1/2017 11:10:00 AM Fall 1917 Central Powers Play Strategy card as Operations #36: 2 / U-Boats Unleashed
May only be played after "H-L Take Command". Subtract 1 BR RP during the Replacement Phase of each turn and prevent play of "US Reinforcements" until "Convoy" is played.

Message from Central Powers:
M Sedan GE7 to Brussels (should be leaving 2 armies in Sedan)
C Bialystok vs Grodno, 6A vs 6A?
659 6/1/2017 10:59:00 AM Fall 1917 Allies Message I'm getting killed here. BR1A in Antwerp replaced by BR(c). RB(3,1).
658 5/31/2017 11:57:00 PM Fall 1917 Central Powers Message 5/7 GE has hot dice
[GE17] and replacing GEc elim (2,2)

btw, your RU RB should be (1,2) - you've lost 4 armies so far and started with (5,2)
657 5/31/2017 11:56:00 PM Fall 1917 Central Powers Die roll request Request: 6-sided die x 2

3
6


Message from Central Powers:
Brussels
BR 12A
GE 12A
656 5/31/2017 11:49:00 PM Fall 1917 Allies Play Strategy card as Operations #43: 3 / USA Reinforcements (1st Army)
May only be played after "Over There". 1st Army, 2 corps.

Message from Allies:
T15AP4
Antwerp/Cambrai: Armies attack Brussels, 12A vs 12A
Belfort: 2xFRc to Mulhouse
655 5/31/2017 11:44:00 PM Fall 1917 Allies Message Brussels: BE1A replaced by BE(c).

Next 100 entries

Copyright 2005 Warhorse Simulations